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Listening comprehension & note-taking: Exercises

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Listening skills

Listening purpose

Purpose

Recognising lecture structure

Introducing

Giving background information

Defining

Enumerating/Listing

Giving examples

Showing importance/Emphasising

Clarifying/Explaining/Putting it in other words

Moving on/Changing direction

Giving further information

Giving contrasting information

Classifying

Digressing

Referring to visuals

Concluding

Understanding reference

Reference

Ellipsis and substitution

Conjunction

Lexical cohesion

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