Academic writing is well planned. It usually takes place after research and evaluation, according to a specific purpose and plan.
The following procedure is typical when writing an extended essay or assignment.
|1.||Read the question or brief and understand what
you are required to do.
Think about the subject, the purpose and the audience.
|2.||Think about what you know about the subject.
Write it down in some way.
|3.||Go to the library or initernet and find relevant books, articles or websites.|
|4.||Find the books on your reading list - if you have one - and study them.|
|5.||Make notes on these books and articles.
Record full details of the materials you use.
|6.||Organise your piece of work.|
|7.||Type or write your first draft.|
|8.||Discuss your first draft informally with friends, other members of your class and your lecturer if possible.|
|9.||Revise your first draft, bearing in mind
any comments that were made in your discussions.
Go back to 2. if necessary
Produce your second draft.
|10.||Proofread your draft.|
|11.||Produce a final typed version.|
See Process, Genres in Academic Wrting; Research and Evaluation.